Amerigotot

amerigo tot research

Meteor (1949-53)

Author:
Flóra Barkóczi
Art historian

Meteor

The works using abstract and geometric shapes belong to a special segment in the life work of Amerigo Tot. The Stone of  Rebuilding (1950-51) can be considered as the forerunner of the Meteor (1954), which is also a block built of numerous lateral sides. While the sides of the  former one is composed of figural ornamented reliefs, on the surface of the Meteor, there are abstract, geometric forms, mostly getting deeper and deeper towards the centre of the statue. This surface treatment is used by Tot later in the relief titled Cylinders, Reflectors, Tunnels (1959), too.

The Meteor is made of concrete, - a material reinvented by the contemporary architecture, which became quite popular. Matter appears in its harshness. Tot used “positive” formworks for the preparations, these made it possible to cast the “negative” forms of the concrete statue.

The 225 cm high statue was ready by 1954, but it got erected only in 1960, next to the Palazzetto dello Sport designed by Pier Luigi Nervi. This stadium was built between 1956 and 1960 for the summer Olympic Games of Rome in 1960.  The atmosphere of form is similar to the blue glazed terracotta relief, the Geometric Muscles, which is also in Rome.  In 1969 there was a smaller size (38cm  high) of the meteor made in bronze, it is titled as Geometric meteor in the catalogues. This statue is missing. According to the photos made of this work, it is not a smaller copy of the concrete statue in Rome, but there are similar hollows on its side.

Due to the environmental impacts corrosion has started on the surface of the Meteor standing beside the Palazzetto dello Sport, plenty of damages and cracks can be spotted on it. The statue has weakened statically as well, so restoration is necessary in the near future.

  

Technical DETAILS

METEOR (1949-53)


Concrete

H. 225 cm


Palazzetto dello Sport

Rome, Italy

ATPP 4953


  • Concrete Sculptures

This sculpture is Tot's one and only concrete sculpture in open air.

 

 

 

 

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Yank (1945-47)

Author:
Peter Nemes
Amerigo Tot Research

Yank

After arranging the photo archive I started to put in order the collection of the detailed articles of the Amerigo Tot bibliography the other day. In the issue of 2nd March 1947 of The Rome Daily American I found a photo of a statue so far known as Portrait of a Man, with a striking subtitle stating: "Tot's portrait of an ex-editor of Yank".

I have looked up the above mentioned newspaper, and it turned out that Yank was the weekly paper of the US Army during the Second World War. It had 21 different issues printed in 17 countries where American soldiers were stationed. The articles and reports were sent by the soldiers themselves to the editorial office in New York. The newspaper cost 5-1O cents. The first issue was published in 1942 and the last one in 1945.

Having the stated years we can make a conclusion that the statue was made between 1945 and 1947. So he must have met the mysterious Yank in Tuscany in North Italy, where he made drawings of the 5th American Parachutist Division during the war. The plaster statue of the American was made in Rome after the war according to the sketches and drawings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technical DETAILS

YANK (1945-47)


Plaster

H. 27 cm


Amerigo Tot Legacy

Fehérvárcsurgó, Hungary

ATH 003


  • Small Sculptures

This sculpture can be rank with Tot's realist period. Sensibility and the experience of modelling summarizing in this early artwork.

Practical INFORMATIONS

Unfortunately the sculptures of the Amerigo Tot Legacy can't be seen during their restauration. The Amerigo Tot Foundation is working hard to represent all of these works as soon as possible.

 

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Geometric Muscles (1959-60)

Author:
Peter Nemes 
Amerigo Tot Research

Geometric Muscles

The Palazzo dello Sport (Sport Palace) nowadays called PalaLottomatica was built between 1956 and 1960 designed by Pier Luigi Nervi és Marcello Piacentini architects. This building is referred to as the masterpiece of the Italian rationalist architecture with its 11.200 seats serving as the venue of the 17th Summer Olympic Games in Rome. Amerigo Tot’s blue glazed ceramic relief, the Geometric Muscles was stationed on the semi circle parapet running on one side of the grandstand inside the palace. The size of the relief is 2,1x20 m. It was made between 1959 and 1960. The relief belongs to the line of the Tunnel and the Termini Frieze in terms of its design and creation. It is made of numerous smaller pieces. Its depth is 21 cm. The relief fits brilliantly to the arch shaped grandstand. The artist’s experiences gained in professional ceramics in South Italy, in Vietri between 1948 and 52 concentrate in this work of art. Tot talks about this statue in his interview with Zsuzsa D. Feher:

„The 'Sport Palace' was made for the Olympic Games in Rome, and I call it the Geometric Muscles. Everything moves according to a certain theory in geometry. Even the muscles, getting prepared for the Olympics are set according to a certain theory, they move as they have to move. So no frippery should be on it. Yes. All our movements are done according to a certain law. Just like emotions or thoughts. I can tell that this ceramic was done completely by my hand as an artisan arts work, I built the kiln, I burnt it, I glazed it.”


 

 

 

 

 

 

Technical DESCRIPTION

GEOMETRIC MUSCLES (1959-60)


ceramics

H. 2,1 m, W. 20 m


Palazzo Dello Sport

Rome, Italy

ATPDS 001


  • Reliefs

The relief belongs to the line of the Termini-frieze and the Dazzle, Lights and Semaphores sculptures.

Practical INFORMATIONS

The Palazzo dello Sport
is open for the public during events and concerts.

Connection:
+39 06 592 5205

Piazzale dello Sport
EUR, Rome, Italy

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Scanderbeg (1937)

Author:
Péter Nemes
Amerigo Tot Research

Scanderbeg

In the spring of 1937, Zog I (1895-1961), King of Albany, announced a competition for sculptors to create the equestrian statue of George Kastrioti (1403-1468), better known as Skanderbeg. The statue that would also serve as a mausoleum was planned to be erected at the 450th anniversary of the death of the Albanian national hero. 147 plans were submitted and the design drawn created by Amerigo Tot (1909-1984), a sculptor of Hungarian origin living in Rome, proved to be the best. At the New Year’s Eve of 1937, Zog I received the sculptor in person at his palace in order to discuss the details of the project.

The scale model of the statue was made at the Hungarian Academy in Rome, Italy. The Italian general, the 1st Duke of Addis Abeba Pietro Badoglio (1871-1956) posed for the portrait of Skanderbeg. In the photographs and drawings published in newspapers at the time, it is noticeable that the artist was strict about the details. He depicted the helmet of Skanderbeg with great precision. The helmet was intended to be brought back from Vienna for the coronation of King Zog I. Tot designed a 335-square-yard marble relief to be placed on the gigantic pedestal of the 20-feet-high statue, it would have included John Hunyadi (1404-1456), the Hungarian ally of Skanderbeg, too. Given its sheer size, the statue was planned to be made in Budapest and taken to Tirana in pieces later on.

In April 1939, the Italian troops invaded Albany, and Mussolini declared the country the protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy. King Zog I and his family fled into exile. The statue was never completed. The plaster model disappeared without a trace. Its whereabouts is still unknown.

Technical DESCRIPTION

SCANDERBEG (1937)


Plaster

without any detail


Lost
  • Small sculptures

This sculpture was represented in Tirana, Albania. Other two works submitted to this competition is guarded by the National Gallery of Arts of Tirana.

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Protest (1960-62)

Author:
József Mélyi
Art Historian

Protest

The Protest photomontage series were made as a common project of AmerigoTot and Cosimo Boccardi between 1960 and 1962. At the time of the creation most probably it was not an equally balanced participation at work: the focus was on the statuettes at the front of the picture, and the photographer was just a secondary partner. The statuette was just a model of the final, huge outdoor statue, which has become a monumental artwork placed in an antique landscape or in an industrious surrounding with some sand and a folded photo paper. It seems that the boom of the big Italian outdoor arts of the 60s stands behind the practical and theoretical background of the photo series. The peak was the Spoleto Festival in 1962, for which Amerigo Tot made a work of art as well – a libretto of a ballet. This was the period when the different genres of art were melted, and Manzoni devoted his book, The Breath of the Artist to outdoor creation. The Protest sculptures of Tot from our point of view look like the dystrophic remnants of the mechanical world, real humanistic monuments. For us they look like utopian plans, while their representation, the photomontage was quite neglected at that time. Nowadays the montages seem to be more interesting then the statues themselves.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technical DESCRIPTION

PROTEST (1960-62)


Bronze

H. 15 cm, W. 7 cm


Amerigo Tot Memorial Museum

Fehérvárcsurgó, Hungary

ATMM 022


  • Small sculptures

These sculptures were part of the Protest series. Nearly all of them were lost or destroyed only one can be see which was built into the Black Piano in the Spaceship (1967).

Practical INFORMATIONS

Amerigo Tot Memorial Museum 
is open for the public.

Please call:
+36 22 578 006 or +36 20 517 7420

Deák Ferenc Street
Fehérvárcsurgó, Hungary.

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Retired Wrestler (1947)

Author:
Peter Nemes
Amerigo Tot Research

Retired Wrestler

The Retired Wrestler is out of doubt one of the most exciting portrait, the most characteristic of the grotesque series. It is in relation with the Earl, the Foreign Correspondent, Professor Birnbaum the General and the Grotesque portraits.The dishevelled times is embedded in the statue, as Tot put it “ the wrestler, who is completely beaten up, but still wrestles on” . Distorted forms, swinging spaces, emphasised details characterise these works of art. According to the reflections of the sculptor, he started to be interested in the “stretched out forms” after the 2nd World War. The ideal beauty of the renaissance was replaced by the tragic, amorphous shaping of images. The figural works of Tot became characterized, distorted, sharp pointed.
   After the death of the artist (1984) the statue was kept in the storage of the Hungarian National Gallery. Since 2002 it has been exhibited in the Amerigo Tot Memorial Museum in Fehérvárcsurgó together with the other pieces of the legacy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technical DETAILS

RETIRED WRESTLER (1947)


bronze

H 26 cm, W 20 cm


Amerigo Tot Memorial Museum

Fehérvárcsurgó, Hungary

ATMM 021


  • Small sculptures

This artwork is the part of Tot's grotesque portrait series.

Practical INFORMATIONS

Amerigo Tot Memorial Museum
is open for the public.

Contact:
+36 22 578 006 or +36 20 517 7420

Deák Ferenc str.
Fehérvárcsurgó, Hungary

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